10 Expert Tips to Protect Wildlife During Bonfire Night

As we celebrate bonfire night with fireworks, sparklers and of course bonfires, we must take care not to disturb the wildlife around us.

With more than 400 species of mammals, birds and plants becoming extinct over the past 200 years in the UK, and with the hedgehog among those on the decline, we need to avoid any potential hazards that may harm vulnerable or endangered animals. 

10 expert tips to protect wildlife during bonfire night

1. Set up your bonfire away from the compost heap:

Leaves and other garden debris can be used to help light a bonfire, but do set up the bonfire away from any large piles of leaves or compost heaps. Wildlife will often use the heaps for shelter when hibernating and ideally should not be disturbed or caught in an accidental garden fire.

2. Check your bonfire before lighting:

If you’re planning to enjoy bonfire night from the comfort of your own garden this year, check your bonfire pit before lighting a fire.
Small animals such as hedgehogs are prone to settle among logs and leaves, and due to their size and colour can sometimes be hard to spot.

3. Clear your garden of any used sparklers and decorations:

Sparklers are a popular fireworks for bonfire night, but are often not disposed of properly. Make sure to clear any from your garden, soak them and then bin with normal waste. 

It is also a good idea to clear any leftover halloween decorations from your garden, as animals can mistake them for food or become tangled up in them. Any leftover halloween treats should also be removed from the garden. Pumpkins can attract wildlife looking for food but are best eaten in moderation.

4. Be careful when gardening:

Autumn is a popular time for planting. However, be careful when preening your garden in the months of October to April, as this is when most nocturnal animals choose to hibernate. 

It may be tempting to clear out all the debris, leaves and twigs, but avoid this. Small mammals such as hedgehogs settle in piles of logs, leaves, plant hedges and even compost heaps. So if you must tidy, leave big piles of leaves alone and take care with powerful tools such as strimmers, lawn mowers and hedge trimmers.

5. Try not to disturb hibernating animals:
If you do end up disturbing any wildlife, such as a hedgehog, you can simply recover the animal with leaves and avoid further upheaval in that area until early spring.  Alternatively, you could build a hedgehog house around the animal as detailed below.

6. Create a Hedgehog house:

If you want to go one step further to shelter small animals in your garden, you can create a hedgehog house. Find a quiet spot and a wooden box. Fill the box with leaves, straw or hay and then create a tunnel joining to the larger leaf filled box. This becomes a cosy place for hedgehogs or other small animals to take shelter/hibernate through winter.

The same can be done for a frog home using broken plant pots, soil and rocks, although it is advised to place it around or near the edge of any garden ponds. Plant pots are also great shelters for smaller insects.

7. Install a bird feeder or leave safe food out:
Bird feeders are a great way to attract not only birds but other small animals such as squirrels. 

However, not all wildlife are able to climb to reach bird feeders so you can leave out safe foods for other animals. Safe foods for foxes, badgers and hedgehogs can be meat based dog or cat food, or if you feel so inclined specialist feed from a pet store. 

For animals going into hibernation, this is known as supplementary feeding. Water is also a great and safe option for wildlife.

8. Do not use chemical repellents:

Try to avoid any chemical repellents such as slug pellets. Slugs and other small insects are a source of food for hedgehogs and wildlife, and the pellets themselves are toxic. You can further check your gardening supplies for potentially toxic ingredients and regularly check your garden for any harmful waste.

9. Pet proof your garden:

In the autumn/winter months, try to cordon off areas you know wildlife will gather and accompany pets, such as dogs, outside when necessary. So as to prevent your dog from disturbing any hibernating animals sheltered in your garden. 

10. Enter your attic safely:

Wildlife are not only found in your garden but can also take shelter in your attic. So when moving around try not to disturb any bats, birds or even butterflies should you find any.

If concerned about wildlife in your area contact nearest help centre - https://www.rspca.org.uk/whatwedo/yourlocal 


Thank you to ClearitWaste.co.uk who have compiled these top tips on how to protect the wildlife exploring your garden on bonfire night and throughout autumn.